TNRTB Archive – Retained for reference information
Scientists have gained understanding of the early universe through difficult theoretical calculations that also reveal more fine-tuning. As the extreme temperatures of the early universe cooled, quarks (basic building blocks of matter) transitioned from free-moving particles to bound bundles of two or three. Until recently, theoretical work could not determine whether this transition occurred smoothly or in a fashion resembling a boiling liquid (which could generate a very clumpy cosmos). In a new study, a team of European physicists used powerful computers to find the answer: the transition occurred smoothly. Additionally, while the actual quark masses of this universe led to the smooth transition, it appears that different quark masses may have led to a more chaotic transition that could adversely affect the habitability of the universe. RTB’s cosmic creation model predicts that further fine-tuning of the fundamental constants will be revealed as this possibility is investigated.
- Frank Wilczek, “Did the Big Bang Boil?” Nature 443 (2006): 637-38.
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