TNRTB Archive – Retained for reference information
Astronomers have found more evidence of fine-tuning in the location of the Milky Way Galaxy (MWG), where Earth resides. By determining the star-formation rates of different galaxies, a pair of astronomers discovered that galaxies in dense clusters are nearly half a billion years older than galaxies outside of dense clusters (like the MWG). This means that star formation stopped earlier for the galaxies in dense clusters. As a result, stars in these galaxies would not be adequately enriched with elements heavier than helium, which planets and life require. In contrast, more-abundant star formation continues to later times in galaxies—like the MWG—that are located just outside dense clusters, meaning heavier-element-rich stars like the sun are more abundant in such galaxies. Such fine-tuning comports well with RTB’s cosmic creation model, in which a supernatural Creator regularly works to ensure the formation of a life-supporting planet like Earth.
- Pieter B. van Dokkum and Roeland P. van der Marel, “The Star Formation Epoch of the Most Massive Early-Type Galaxies,” Astrophysical Journal 655 (2007): 30-50.
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- The Creator and the Cosmos, 3rd ed., by Hugh Ross